- The US and Israel plan to launch a partnership on emerging technologies Thursday ..
- Biden is meeting with Yair Lapid, who recently became Israel’s acting prime minister.
- Biden is also meeting with former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
JERUSALEM – President Joe Biden’s meetings with Israeli leaders on Thursday delved into divisions over how to keep Iran from becoming a nuclear power.
At first, it was mostly kumbaya between Biden and new Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid. With the prime minister at his side, Biden said their bilateral meeting was a “good beginning” of what’s going to be “a long, God-willing, relationship” between the two leaders.
“I think the vast majority of the American public, not just my administration, is completely devoted to (Israel’s) security,” Biden declared.
The president acknowledged that he and Lapid discussed his administration’s desire to revive a nuclear deal with Iran, brokered by the US and other world powers in 2015. The deal curbed Iran’s nuclear enrichment capabilities, but Tehran stopped adhering to its limits after the Trump administration withdrew from the pact.
“There will be no nuclear Iran. This is not only a threat to Israel, but to the world,” Biden said. “And we discussed some other issues we are going to keep to ourselves.”
But at a news conference later, Lapid lectured Biden on the issue. In prepared remarks, the Israeli leader pushed Biden to change course on Iran.
Lapid said no amount of words or diplomacy would stop Iran from further developing its nuclear program.
“The only way to stop them is to put a credible military threat on the table,” Lapid told Biden.
Biden said in his opening remarks that he would be maintaining his approach. “I continue to believe that diplomacy is the best way to achieve this outcome, and we’ll continue to work with Israel to counter other threats from Iran throughout the region.”
Lapid said later that no daylight exists between the two allies on the desired outcome, which is keeping Iran from becoming a nuclear power.
The US president said Iran has an opportunity to accept the agreement that is before them. “If they don’t, we made absolutely clear: we will not, let me say it again, we will not allow Iran to acquire a nuclear weapon.”
The US and Israel also issued a joint statement outlining areas of consensus and launched a partnership on emerging technologies.
- The tension: Biden’s relationship with Israel has been strained by his attempts to restart the 2015 deal with Iran which Israel viewed as too weak.
- The diffuser: The US and Israel released a joint declaration that affirmed America’s “moral commitment” to US security. The statement says the US is “prepared to use all elements of its national power to ensure” that Iran never acquires a nuclear weapon. “
- Two-state solution: Biden said he would discuss his support for the creation of an independent Palestinian state alongside Israel, “even though I know it’s not in the near term.”
- The bottom line: Rather than launch a new peace initiative, Biden will encourage both sides to “move closer towards a vision that works for both Israelis and for Palestinians, and for the region as a whole,” according to Jake Sullivan, Biden’s national security adviser.
- Joint ventures: The US and Israel are launching a “high-level strategic dialogue” on technology. That’s in addition to a partnership on a laser-enabled missile defense system being developed that Biden was briefed on Wednesday.
- First up: Biden’s first meeting of the day was with Lapid, who recently became the acting prime minister of Israel after the collapse of a coalition government.
- New partnership: Biden also held talks with the leaders of Israel, India and the United Arab Emirates – a grouping the nations are referring to as the I2U2 that they say will work together on food security challenges and clean energy initiatives.
- Why it matters: Biden’s efforts to build stronger alliances with Indo-Pacific powers is a feature of his foreign policy. He met with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Europe in June at the Group of Seven economic summit, and in Tokyo in May, when the US and a dozen other countries launched the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework. India is also a part of the Quad, an informal security alliance between Japan, the US and Australia.
- Improving relations: It is Biden’s second conversation with UAE leader Mohammed bin Zayed since MBZ became president in May. Biden made a condolence call to the leader, whose nation is a top OPEC oil producer, following the death of MBZ’s half-brother in May.
What’s about to happen
In what experts say is an attempt to avoid showing favoritism in the upcoming election, Biden is also meeting with former Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, the leader of the opposition party who is vying to make a comeback.
Sullivan said the meeting reflects that America’s relationship with Israel is “not just about one person, one leader” but “about the state of Israel and about engaging across the political spectrum.”
And Biden – who is making his 10th trip to Israel, though only his first as president – will receive Israel’s Presidential Medal of Honor to recognize his decades of support.
Despite their differences on Iran, Israelis still like Biden personally, says David Makovsky, a fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.
“Biden as an individual is very popular because they like the visceral politicians who wear their love of Israel on their sleeves,” Makovsky said. “He does.”
But Israelis know that progressives in the Democratic Party are pushing Biden to get tougher on Israel over its treatment of the Palestinians, according to Tamar Hermann, a senior research fellow at the Israel Democracy Institute. Plus, Hermann said, Biden succeeded former President Donald Trump, a very popular figure in Israel.
Trump withdrew from the Iran nuclear deal, recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and helped normalize relations between Israel and several Arab nations.
At Thursday’s news conference, Biden and Lapid were pressed on their differing views on Iran and help for the Palestinians. But they were not asked about Palestinian American Shireen Abu Akleh, a journalist who was shot dead in May while reporting on an Israeli military operation in the occupied West Bank.
Biden said “Israel must remain an independent democratic Jewish state” to guarantee the security of the Jewish people and the entire world. “I believe that to my core, and the best way to achieve that remains a two-state solution,” he said.
What they are saying
- Shortly after arriving in Israel Wednesday, Biden called the connection between the Israeli people and the American people “bone deep.” “And generation after generation, that connection grows,” Biden said.
- Lapid said Biden’s relationship with Israel has “always been very personal.” He called Biden “one of the best friends Israel has ever known.”
- US national security adviser Jake Sullivan, putting the energy security aspect of Biden’s trip into context, told reporters that the US is in “constant contact” with oil producers in the Gulf and globally.
- “We’re also working, obviously, on domestic production as well. And those conversations will continue during this trip,” Sullivan said.
- Appearing virtually at the I2U2 summit, MBZ said that although the countries do not share geographic borders, they face “overlapping challenges,” including food and energy security, healthcare and climate change.
- Lapid added that “no single country, no matter how big or how rich, can deal with” these challenges alone.
- Biden brought up Russia’s war on Ukraine and the pandemic as examples of issues that “require cooperation and coordination” between nations.
- “At every step we should be asking,` What can we achieve together? ‘”Biden said.
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